Introduction :-

India is famously known for its rich culture, heritage and forms of art. Yet, there are a few notable sports and games which are believed to have originated from the state of India. Kho-Kho being one of those, has always been at the heart of rural India. People from all walks of life, love to play this game though it is nothing but a highly modified version of ‘Run Chase’.

Kho-Kho is one in all the foremost well-liked ancient sport within the country. It was invented in Maharashtra, India.The word kho is imitative of the sound invoked whereas enjoying the sport.The position of the players sitting is random; one will never find the same set of players sitting in the same order as when the game starts.It is contend most frequently by faculty
youngsters. It needs huge stamina and speed

History :

Though the game of Kho-Kho is extremely simple in nature, the origin story of this beautiful game is quite the opposite. Many believe the game to have been inspired from the Hindu sacred text of Mahabharata.The tactic used by Abhimanyu to fight this defensive circle and many other is frequently put in use in the game of Kho-Kho.It is also said that the game of Kho-
Kho was played using chariots during ancient periods. As chariots are called ‘Rath’ in Sanskrit and Hindi, the game was then popular by the name ‘Rathera’.

The very first Kho-Kho competitions in the modern form can be traced back to the year 1914, but it was not until the year 1959 that the game was played at the national level.The Kho-Kho Federation of India was then established as Akhil Bhartiya Kho Kho Mandal in the year 1955 and it was under this federation that the first national championship was held in Vijayawada during the 1959-60 season.

The Kho-Kho federation was incorporated into the Indian Olympic Association after almost three decades in the year 1982. The same year also witnessed the first ever international Kho-Kho match in the eastern Indian city of Kolkata.

Rules :

Kho Kho is played by teams of 12 nominated players out of fifteen, of which nine enter the field who sit on their knees (chasing team), and 3 extra (defending team) who try to avoid being touched by members of the opposing team.

One team sits on their knees in the middle of the court, 8 in a row, with adjacent members
facing opposite directions. One team sits or kneels in a row in the center of the field. The runners of play in the field, three at a time and the team that takes the shortest time to touch all the opponents in the field wins.

Court Description :

The Kho Kho is played on a rectangular field, 30 meters long and 19 meters wide ( according to other sources: 27 meters long and 15 meters wide). There are two rectangles at the end. The length of this rectangle is 16 m and width is 2.75 (2.7 m). In the middle of these two rectangles, there are two wooden poles. The central path is 23.5 (21.60) long and 30 cm wide.

There are eight transversal strips that lie across the central belt, their length is 16 (15) meters and width 30 cm. This makes small rectangles, each of them 16 meters long and 2.3 meters wide (two rectangles near wooden posts are 2.5 meters wide), which are perpendicular to the middle belt and evenly divided into two parts of 7, 85 (7.3) meters each.

At the ends of the central path, there are two wooden posts, 120 cm high, permanently located. Their perimeter is between 30
and 40 cm. They are made of wood, smooth along the entire length, flat in the upper part.

Conclusion :

This game helps in building physical fitness, strength, speed and stamina. It also develops qualities such as obedience, discipline, sportsmanship, and loyalty between team members. The game is interesting because the position of the players sitting is dynamic; one will never find the same sequence of players sitting in the same order as when the game starts.